Reading and dating roman coins
Excavations at Longforth Farm, Wellington, Somerset, revealed limited evidence for late prehistoric settlement, but the principal discovery was the remains of a previously unknown high status medieval building complex.
Excavations at Collingbourne Ducis revealed almost the full extent of a late 5th–7th century cemetery first recorded in 1974, providing one of the largest samples of burial remains from Anglo-Saxon Wiltshire, allowing observations to be made about its establishment, layout and development.Notably there were a number of pits which had a range of deposits – some undoubtedly domestic but others were much more deliberate and reflected ritual practices.For example, a single fill of one early Romano-British pit contained the butchered partial carcasses of 25–30 animals (predominantly sheep/goat but also including two dogs, a perinatal horse, two domestic fowl and a raven).The results follow broad regional patterns seen in the Severn Estuary Levels, with the more regularly planned farming landscapes and permanent settlement evidence from the Romano-British period onwards, developing from seasonal, episodic exploitation of this resource-rich salt-marsh landscape.It has also highlighted extensive continuities within the Steart Point landscape of land divisions and drainage patterns which have their inception at least as far back as the early medieval period and possibly the Romano-British period.Several burials were accompanied by weapons and a diversity of jewellery assemblages, though none exhibit a particularly impressive range of wealth.
As virtually the entire cemetery appears to have been explored, reliable observations can be made about its establishment, layout and development.
Archaeological works at Steart Point peninsula, near Bridgwater, have recovered evidence for the exploitation and settlement of the peninsula from the prehistoric period onwards.
The results overall fit broad regional patterns of wetland environments in Southern Britain, where phases of land reclamation and climatic amelioration have been key factors in the successful exploitation, occupation and development of these landscapes.
The excavations found very little evidence for Late Bronze Age activity, but by the Early/Middle Bronze Age an open settlement had been established, and by the Late Iron Age parts of it had been enclosed by an arrangement of small ditches.
These ditches were modified over the next two centuries, although their general layout was maintained.
Also of note were a number of dog burials which showed particular care in the arrangements in the animals, presumably for symbolic reasons, occasionally occurring with pots.