Dating of the taung child
Others believed it was more closely related to modern man.
This opinion changed when new evidence showed this species had many features intermediate between apes and humans.Stones may also have been used as tools, however, there is no evidence that these stones were shaped or modified.Over 2.5 million years ago, this species occupied an environment in South Africa in which there was a mixture of woodland and savannah grassland.magazine has been continuously published since 1978, we are publishing some of the articles from the archives for historical interest, such as this.For teaching and sharing purposes, readers are advised to supplement these historic articles with more up-to-date ones available by searching Since then, many hundreds of are due to changes over time within a species rather than them being from different species.
This view makes the fossils merely an interesting side branch of our family tree but does extend the time range for by almost half a million years Key specimens are the type specimen Malapa Hominin 1 (MH1), which is considered to be a juvenile and is represented by a partial cranium (UW 88-50), partial lower jaw (UW88-8) and postcranial elements including a right clavicle (UW 88-1); and Malapa Hominin 2 (MH2), a probable female adult represented by partial lower jaw (UW 88-54), isolated teeth from the lower jaw (UW 88-54) and some partial postcranial elements including most of the right arm, ankle and knee joints and bits of the pelvis and shoulder blade.
This species lived between 3.2 and 2 million years ago.
In 1924, a fossil was rescued from a limestone quarry at Taung in South Africa and sent to Australian, Raymond Dart who was a Professor of Anatomy in nearby Johannesburg.
MH2 is the species paratype (a specimen other than a type specimen that is used for the original description of a taxonomic group).
All known specimens have been found at various locations in South Africa Australopithecus, means ‘southern ape’.
Dart discovered the fossil in October of 1924, and by January the following year he had written a preliminary paper.