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Likewise, wines and olives grown in Europe and North Africa were shipped via Mexico to Manila.
Silver that was mined in Mexico and Peru was exchanged for Chinese silk, Indian gems and the spices of Southeast Asia.In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila as an alpha- global city., and is the historic core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its administrative limits.The term "Manila" is commonly used to refer to the whole metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area or the city proper.The city's growing wealth and education attracted indigenous people, Chinese, Indians, Latinos, and Europeans from the surrounding provinces The Americans defeated the First Philippine Republic and captured President Emilio Aguinaldo, who declared allegiance to the United States on April 1, 1901.Upon drafting a new charter for Manila in June 1901, the Americans made official what had long been tacit: that the city of Manila consisted not of Intramuros alone but also of the surrounding areas.It is home to many of the Philippines' firsts, including the first university (1590), water system (1878), hotel (1889), electricity (1895), zoo (1959), pedestrian underpass (1960), science high school (1963), city-run university (1965), city-run hospital (1969), and mass rapid transit system (1984; also the first of its kind in Southeast Asia).
The Spanish City of Manila was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, which was regarded as the official foundation date of the city.
Manila was also the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers.
It is the home to many historic sites, some of which were built during the 16th century.
It was then settled by the Indianized empire of Majapahit, as recorded in the epic eulogy poem "Nagarakretagama", which described the area's conquest by Maharaja Hayam Wuruk.
During the reign of Sultan Bolkiah from 1485 to 1521, the Sultanate of Brunei invaded, wanting to take advantage of Tondo's trade with China by attacking its environs and establishing the Muslim Rajahnate of Maynilà (كوتا سلودوڠ; Kota Seludong).
The rajahnate was ruled under and gave yearly tribute to the Sultanate of Brunei as a satellite state.