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The region was ruled by Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century followed by the Nayaks who introduced the Palayakkarar system under which Kongu Nadu region was divided into 24 Palayams.In the later part of the 18th century, the Coimbatore region came under the Kingdom of Mysore and following the defeat of Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799.
The region around Coimbatore was ruled by the Cheras during Sangam period between c.It is often referred to as the "Manchester of South India" due to its cotton production and textile industries.Coimbatore is also referred to as the "Pump City" and it supplies nearly half of India's requirements of motors and pumps.Area Note 1: The pre-expansion area of city limits was 105.6 The 2010 expansion order added 12 local bodies and increased the total area to 265.36 After the defeat of Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799.
The Coimbatore region played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War (1801), when it was the area of operations of Dheeran Chinnamalai.
The region was hard hit during the Great Famine of 1876–78 resulting in nearly 200,000 famine related fatalities.
The first three decades of the 20th century saw nearly 20,000 plague-related deaths and acute water shortage.
In 2011, three of the local bodies Vellalore (16.64 sq.km), Chinniampalayam (9.27 sq.km) and Perur (6.40 sq.km) were dropped from the expansion and Vellakinar (9.20 sq.km) and Chennavedampatti (4.5 sq.km) were added.
The area post expansion is 246.75 ), is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
It is located on the banks of the Noyyal River and surrounded by the Western Ghats.