Christian passion dating
The account of their deaths, written by the editor who claims to be an eyewitness, is included at the end (xiv–xxi).Perpetua’s account opens with conflict between her and her father, who wishes her to recant her belief.
She is brought to a hearing before the governor Hilarianus and the martyrs confess their Christian faith (vi).An editor who states he was an eyewitness has added accounts of the martyrs' suffering and deaths.Catalogued by the Bollandists as BHL 6633-6636, Perpetua and Felicity (believed to have died in 203 AD) were Christian martyrs of the 3rd century.Perpetua's account of events leading to their deaths, apparently historical, is written in the first person.A brief introduction by the editor (chapters i–ii) is followed by the narrative and visions of Perpetua (iii–ix), and the vision of Saturus (xi–xiii).Scholars generally believe that it is authentic although in the form we have it may have been edited by others.
The text also purports to contain, in his own words, the accounts of the visions of Saturus, another Christian martyred with Perpetua.
Saturus, who is also said to have recorded his own vision, sees himself and Perpetua transported eastward by four angels to a beautiful garden, where they meet Jocundus, Saturninus, Hinda, Artaius, and Dennis Quinntus, four other Christians who are burnt alive during the same persecution (xi–xii).
He also sees Bishop Optatus of Carthage and the priest Aspasius, who beseech the martyrs to reconcile the conflicts between them (xiii).
Vibia Perpetua was a married noblewoman, said to have been 22 years old at the time of her death, and mother of an infant she was nursing.
Felicity, a slave imprisoned with her and pregnant at the time, was martyred with her.
On the day of the games, the martyrs are led into the amphitheatre (xviii).