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The real exchange rate (RER) is the purchasing power of a currency relative to another at current exchange rates and prices.
Exchange rates are determined in the foreign exchange market, which is open to a wide range of different types of buyers and sellers, and where currency trading is continuous: 24 hours a day except weekends, i.e. The spot exchange rate refers to the current exchange rate.They also incorporate genetic algorithm as an optimizing technique for adapting parameters of ANN which is then compared with standard backpropagation and backpropagation combined with K-means clustering algorithm.Finally, the authors find out that their suggested hybrid neural network is able to produce more accurate forecasts than the standard models and can be helpful in eliminating the risk of making the bad decision in decision-making process. Profits or losses accrue as the exchange rate of that currency fluctuates on the open market.The authors suggest a new hybrid neural network which is a combination of the standard RBF neural network, a genetic algorithm, and a moving average.The moving average is supposed to enhance the outputs of the network using the error part of the original neural network.Convert currencies using interbank, ATM, credit card, and kiosk cash rates. Daily Foreign Exchange Rates or.th/English/Statistics/Financial Markets/Exchange Rate/... Currency Converter - Google Finance https:// Get real-time stock quotes & charts, financial news, currency conversions, or track your portfolio with Google Finance. Finance finance.yahoo.com/currency-converter Currency Converter from Yahoo! Foreign Exchange Rates & World Currencies - Bloomberg https:// Current exchange rates of major world currencies.
Historical Exchange Rates · Average Exchange Rates · Live Exchange Rates Exchange Rates - X-Rates foreign exchange rates and tools including a currency conversion calculator, historical rates and graphs, and a monthly exchange rate average. NOTICE: Myanmar's central bank has set a reference exchange rate under a managed float currency regime starting from 02 April 2012. Find updated foreign currency values, a currency converter and info for foreign currency trading.
Even if a company expects to be paid in its own currency, it must assess the risk that the buyer may not be able to pay the full amount due to currency fluctuations.
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Authors test the suggested model on high-frequency time series data of USD/CAD and examine the ability to forecast exchange rate values for the horizon of one day.
To determine the forecasting efficiency, they perform a comparative statistical out-of-sample analysis of the tested model with autoregressive models and the standard neural network.
Any company operating globally must deal in foreign currencies.