Blind dating plot
In contemporary popular culture, Cupid is shown drawing his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine's Day.The Romans reinterpreted myths and concepts pertaining to the Greek Eros for Cupid in their own literature and art, and medieval and Renaissance mythographers conflate the two freely.
As described by Shakespeare in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1590s): Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind.Cupid continued to be a popular figure in the Middle Ages, when under Christian influence he often had a dual nature as Heavenly and Earthly love.In the Renaissance, a renewed interest in classical philosophy endowed him with complex allegorical meanings.Although other extended stories are not told about him, his tradition is rich in poetic themes and visual scenarios, such as "Love conquers all" and the retaliatory punishment or torture of Cupid.In art, Cupid often appears in multiples as the Amores, or in the later terminology of art history, the equivalent of the Greek erotes.Although Eros is generally portrayed as a slender winged youth in Classical Greek art, during the Hellenistic period, he was increasingly portrayed as a chubby boy.
During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire.
The multiple Cupids frolicking in art are the decorative manifestation of these proliferating loves and desires.
During the English Renaissance, Christopher Marlowe wrote of "ten thousand Cupids"; in Ben Jonson's wedding masque Hymenaei, "a thousand several-coloured loves ... Cupid is winged, allegedly, because lovers are flighty and likely to change their minds, and boyish because love is irrational.
In the Greek tradition, Eros had a dual, contradictory genealogy.
He was among the primordial gods who came into existence asexually; after his generation, deities were begotten through male-female unions.
In Hesiod's Theogony, only Chaos and Gaia (Earth) are older.