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Both styles are still found in concert zithers today, although the Salzburg style has become by far the most common.In 1838, Nikolaus Weigel of Munich conceived the idea of adopting fixed bridges, adding additional strings, tuning them in the cycle of fifths, and chromatically fretting the fingerboard – effectively converting a rather crude folk instrument into the concert zither.
Chord zithers similar to the instrument in the photograph also became popular in North America during the late 19th and early 20th century.These composers, called the " The zither went through two periods of great popularity in the United States.The first of these was in the late 19th through early 20th century, when it was greatly in vogue as a parlour instrument in many homes. S.-based instrument manufacturers, many of them founded by, or staffed with, European (and especially German and Austrian) luthiers, were producing concert zithers.If you know of a premiere date, air date or start time for a Bravo program that is not listed below please contact us and let us know. This is the definitive schedule for all upcoming and current Bravo series.We know it can be frustrating waiting for your favorite program so be sure to check back often to get the latest air date or news tidbit to help tide you over. These variants all use metal strings, similar to the cittern.
The word 'zither' is derived from Latin cythara, which was used in this form for the title covers on many 16th and 17th century German printed manuscript books originally for the 'cittern' – from the Greek word kithara, an instrument used in Ancient Greece.
His ideas were not, however, widely accepted until 1862, when luthier Max Amberger of Munich fabricated a new zither based on Weigel's design.
At this point the zither had reached something very close to its modern concert form.
Chord zithers were often marketed under confusing brand names like 'guitar zither' or 'mandoline zither'.
The recently rediscovered recordings of the gospel singer Washington Phillips, who used two instruments simultaneously, have revealed the virtuosic capability of the chord zither to modern musicians seeking to revive it.
By the 1920s, this popularity had begun to wane, as other string instruments (notably guitars) increased in popularity along with the new fashion for jazz music.