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8 dating daughter rule

Thus the text in current use is critically a bad one, but very few of the readings make any substantial difference.The Rule was written in the Lingua Vulgaris or Low Latin vernacular of the time, and contains much syntax and orthography not in conformance with the classical models.

Syrian and strictly Oriental monasticism need not be considered here, as it had no direct influence on that of Europe. Basil (fourth century) organized Greek monasticism, he set himself against the eremetical life and insisted upon a community life, with meals, work, and prayer, all in common.With him the practice of austerity, unlike that of the Egyptians, was to be subject to control of the superior, for he considered that to wear out the body by austerities so as to make it unfit for work, was a misconception of the Scriptural precept of penance and mortification.His idea of the monastic life was the result of the contact of primitive ideas, as existing in Egypt and the East, with European culture and modes of thought. In Italy, as also in Gaul, it was chiefly Antonian in character, though both the rules of St. Pachomius were translated into Latin and doubtless made their influence felt.A proof that the pervading spirit of Italian monachism was Egyptian lies in the fact that when St.Benedict determined to forsake the world and become a monk, he adopted, almost as a matter of course, the life of a solitary in a cave.In either case, however, the text of the "autograph" is the one to be adopted.

The manuscripts, from the tenth century onwards, and the ordinary printed editions, give mixed texts, made up out of the two earliest types.

of Metten, at Ratisbon in 1892, presenting in substance the text of St.

Gall manuscript, with the Low Latin element eliminated. Calmet gives a list of over a hundred and thirty such writers, and Ziegelbauer gives a similar list.

Such considerations are important because there is no doubt whatever that the introduction and propagation of St.

Benedict's Rule was the turning-point which changed the whole trend of monasticism in the West.

As far as we know, each monastery had practically its own rule, and we have examples of this irresponsible form of monastic life in the community St.